Register of Arabic terms

Verklarende woordenlijst van de Arabische termen die in dit domein worden gebruikt.
De cijfers verwijzen naar de secties waarin de begrippen worden uitgelegd.

Allah
Ahmad
Dar al-Harb
Dar al-Islam
Dar al-Salam
Dar al-Kufr
Da’wa
Dhimmies
Djahannam
Djannah
Djizja
Djinn
Djihad
Euro-islam & Euromoslims
Fatwa
Fiqh
Fitna
Hadith
Hadj
Hallal
Hidjaab
Hoeris
Hidjra
Hudna
Imam
Indjil
Insjallah
Isa
Islam
Islamists
Janitsars
Kaäbah
Kafir
Kalifs
Kismet
Koran,Qur’an
Kuraisj
Masjid
Medinamodel
Minaret
Mohammed
Mosque
Moslim
Moslimas
Niqaab
Umma Islam
Originalkoran
Ottomans
Ramadan
Salat
Salam
Shahada
Shahid
Sharia
Shirk
Shi’ites
Sufis
Suras
Sunnna
Sunnites
Tanzil
Taqyja
Taurat
Zabur
Zakat
The Muslem God, ‘Lord of the gods’
Widely renowned
House or War, non-muslim territory
House of Islam, muslim territory
House of Peace
House of Unbelief
‘Invitation’, conquest
Tolerated second-rate citizens
Hell, place of eternal damnation and torture
Muslim paradise
Obligatory ‘protection tax’ for non-muslims
Evil spirits
Effort of faith; holy war
Islam according to tje Medina-model,
a typical example of hudna and taqija
Islamic verdict; sentence of death
Doctrine of islam duties
Temptation (to serve the idols)
Information; written tradition by Muhammed
Pelgrimage to Mecca
Ritually prepared food
Head covering for women, as protection
Large-eyed vergins in paradise
Emigration (from Mecca to Medina)
Temporary offer of peace
Religious muslim leader
Gospel from the prophet (Isa)
May it be pleasing to Allah
Arab name for Esau; Koranic name for Jesus
(religion of) Submission
Fundamentalists; martial muslims
Stolen Christian children, trained as muslim warriors
Sancturary in Mecca with black stone
Non-moslim, infidel
Successors of Mohammed; judges
Eternal destiny, fate
Holy book of the muslims, literally ‘recite’
Tribe of Mohammed
Small mosque; Quranic school
Peaceful coexistence of ‘all people of the book’
Steeple of mosque calling to salaat
Allah’s prohet, “seal of the prophets”
House of prayer and instruction
Submitting to islam and prostating before Allah
Female moslims
Veil covering women’s face, for protection
Community of all moslims
Heavenly Koran, descended into Mohammed
Extended Turkish empire, sultanate of six centuries
Month of fasting
Ritual prayer, five times per day
State of Dar al-Islam, moslim peace
Confession of faith in Allah and his prophet
Martyr who dies in djihad, as a ‘helper of Allah’
Rules of islamic law
Sacrilege, deadly sin
Second main denomination within islam
Mystical groups within islam
(114) chapters of the Koran
Tradition, the way of Mohammed
Main denomination within islam
Revealed to Mohammed, ‘descended’
(deceitful) accommodation; functional hypocrisy
Books of Moses, Torah
Psalms of David + historic + prophetic Bible books
‘Purification’ by giving alms to the poor

3
2
5
5
5
5
10
5, 6
12
12
6
1
5
11

6
4
11
4
1
10
9
12
2
5
10
2
12
2, 3
1
10,11
6
1
5
1
12
4
2
1
5
1
2
1
1
8
8
5
4
5
1
1
5, 6
1
12
10
5, 6
1
1
4
4
1
3
5
2
2
1